1) In the article "Between a Blob + a Hard Place" Steven Skov Holt & Mara Holt Skov argue in the File InCA_Spring05.pdf (on page 20) that the 'blobject' phenomenon really took off in the ID (industrial design) profession in the 1990s. Why?
• According to the passage, Steven and Mara states, “a time marking the beginning of a particularly critical period in the ID profession, a time when the bits and bytes of computer-aided technologies magically flowed together in the service of a new liquid vision. Though designers had always wanted to achieve curvaceous forms the explosion of blobjects is most accredited to the increasing power of CAD, modeling techniques, the development of new materials, production methods and rapid prototyping".
2) Which year in the 1990s was a watershed?
• In the 1998 was a watershed year for Blobjects.
3) What three other products were introduced this year that were good examples of blobjects?
• 1. New VW Beetle
• 2. “Five Flavor” Apple iMacs
• 3. Nike introduced the Triax watch
4) On page 29 of "Shaping Things" Bruce Sterling describes when a 'gizmo' becomes a 'spime'. Copy the sentence here.
• “When the entire industrial process is made explicit, when the metrics count for more than the object they measure, then gismo become spimes.”
5) On page 45 of "Shaping Things" Bruce Sterling describes a defining characteristic of a Synchronic Society. Quote him here.
• “A synchronic society generates trillions of catalogable, searchable, trackable trajectories: patterns of design, manufacturing, distribution and recycling that are maintained in fine-grained detail.”
Web design is a broad term used to encompass the way that content is delivered to an end-user through the World Wide Web, using a web browser (e.g. Internet Explorer, Firefox, Google Chrome, Safari) or other web-enabled software to display the content. The intent of web design is to create a website—a collection of online content including documents and applications that reside on a web server/servers. A website may include text, images, sounds and other content, and may be interactive.
Such elements as text, forms, images (GIFs, JPEGs, PNGs) and video can be placed on the page using HTML/XHTML/XML tags. Some browsers may require Plug-ins such as Adobe Flash, QuickTime, Java run-time environment, etc. to display some media, which are embedded into web page by using HTML/XHTML tags.
Improvements in browsers' compliance with W3C standards prompted a widespread acceptance and usage of XHTML/XML in conjunction with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) to position and manipulate web page elements and objects.
Typically web pages are classified as static or dynamic:
Static pages don’t change content and layout with every request unless a human (web master/programmer) manually updates the page. A simple HTML page is an example of static content.
This definition separates web design from web programming, emphasizing the functional features of a web site, as well as positioning web design as a kind of graphic design. The process of designing web pages, web sites, web applications or multimedia for the Web may utilize multiple disciplines, such as animation, authoring, communication design, corporate identity, graphic design, human-computer interaction, information architecture, interaction design, marketing, photography, search engine optimization and typography.
Markup languages (such as HTML, XHTML and XML)
Style sheet languages (such as CSS and XSL)
Server-side scripting (such as PHP and ASP)
Database technologies (such as MySQL and PostgreSQL)
Multimedia technologies (such as Flash and Silverlight)
It is very important that several different components of web development and interaction can work together in order for the Web to be accessible to people with disabilities. These components include:
content - the information in a web page or web application, including:
natural information such as text, images, and sounds
code or markup that defines structure, presentation, etc.
Web browsers, media players, and other "user agents"
assistive technology, in some cases - screen readers, alternative keyboards, switches, scanning software, etc.users' knowledge, experiences, and in some cases, adaptive strategies using the Web
developers - designers, coders, authors, etc., including developers with disabilities and users who contribute content , authoring tools - software that creates web sites
evaluation tools - web accessibility evaluation tools, HTML validators, CSS validators, etc.